Archive for ‘Population’

February 9, 2011

By changing our consumption habits towards more sustainable future

by Jasmina Nikoloska

The population growth is inseparably related to human consumption habits, but we have to understand that a rapid rise in consumption is our most pressing environmental issue not the number of people.

In some societies there is a political, religious or cultural norms that has impact on the family planning.

But, I will agree with the Professor Paul Ehrlich from Stanford University in California on his view that “we would like to see a gradual decline in population, but a rapid decline in consumption habits”.

I think if we start to use our resources wisely and reasonably, we could think our way out in favour of the environment and manage to sustain successfully.

Could we control our consumption needs and is it possible each of us to achieve a sustainable life for sustainable future?

The temptations are at every corner, the life still that we present shape our place in the society.

The consumption rate in developed courtiers is several time higher than in the developing word.

But financial poorer nations aim to increase its living standard and often that is by emigrating elsewhere.

Each such relocation of a person to a country with high consumption raises world consumption rates.

Fred Pearce made a good point in his article Consumption dwarfs population as main environmental threat (Article history)Even if we could today achieve zero population growth, that would barely touch the climate problem — where we need to cut emissions by 50 to 80 percent by mid-century. Given existing income inequalities, it is inescapable that overconsumption by the rich few is the key problem, rather than overpopulation of the poor many”.

Maybe thinking and hopping that focusing on new technologies could save us from ourselves, prevent us to see the bigger picture!?

February 8, 2011

Population expansion will reach 7 billion in 2011; can the Earth cope?

by Jasmina Nikoloska

It is predicted that 2011 will be marked as the year when human population reached the explosion growth of 7 billion.

According to the UN report, fertility must drop below replacement level in order to stabilise the world population.

This is of particular concern and if we don’t act properly this figure could be doubled by 2100.

But in the more realistic scenario predicted by UN Population Division it is most likely that after 2070 when the world population peaks at 9.4 billion it will starts to decline.

The ten countries with the largest population in world are China, India, United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Russia and Japan.

India has the largest number of births each year – 27 million, roughly one in five of all global births.

The UN report warns of a possibility that even with significant fertility reductions, Africa’s population will likely increase by 150% by 2100 and many of its countries will see their populations increase four-fold or more.

It seems that the poorest countries are most to blame? Can it be true?

However, can the Earth cope with it and is there a real treat of over populating the Planet?

Some environmentalists think that human population growth is responsible for environmental problems nowadays.

Rising of greenhouse gases, lack of food and space, electricity for all, seems like everything is in direct relationship with the human consumption and just few of the environmental thinkers are ready to admit that.

According to George Monbiot: “Stabilising or even reducing the human population would ameliorate almost all environmental impacts. But to suggest, as many of my correspondents do, that population growth is largely responsible for the ecological crisis is to blame the poor for the excesses of the rich”.

We should try to life as much sustainably as we can and modelling our future in favour of the environment.

There are more than enough resources to feed the world, they say, even in 2050 when numbers peak – a point made this week by a report jointly published by France’s national agricultural and development research agencies. The problem is that we see huge inequities in consumption whereby, for example, the average American has the same carbon footprint as 250 Ethiopians. The French report concluded bluntly that “the rich must stop consuming so much”, the Guardian reported recently.

Wretten by Jasmina Nikoloska