Population expansion will reach 7 billion in 2011; can the Earth cope?

by Jasmina Nikoloska

It is predicted that 2011 will be marked as the year when human population reached the explosion growth of 7 billion.

According to the UN report, fertility must drop below replacement level in order to stabilise the world population.

This is of particular concern and if we don’t act properly this figure could be doubled by 2100.

But in the more realistic scenario predicted by UN Population Division it is most likely that after 2070 when the world population peaks at 9.4 billion it will starts to decline.

The ten countries with the largest population in world are China, India, United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Russia and Japan.

India has the largest number of births each year – 27 million, roughly one in five of all global births.

The UN report warns of a possibility that even with significant fertility reductions, Africa’s population will likely increase by 150% by 2100 and many of its countries will see their populations increase four-fold or more.

It seems that the poorest countries are most to blame? Can it be true?

However, can the Earth cope with it and is there a real treat of over populating the Planet?

Some environmentalists think that human population growth is responsible for environmental problems nowadays.

Rising of greenhouse gases, lack of food and space, electricity for all, seems like everything is in direct relationship with the human consumption and just few of the environmental thinkers are ready to admit that.

According to George Monbiot: “Stabilising or even reducing the human population would ameliorate almost all environmental impacts. But to suggest, as many of my correspondents do, that population growth is largely responsible for the ecological crisis is to blame the poor for the excesses of the rich”.

We should try to life as much sustainably as we can and modelling our future in favour of the environment.

There are more than enough resources to feed the world, they say, even in 2050 when numbers peak – a point made this week by a report jointly published by France’s national agricultural and development research agencies. The problem is that we see huge inequities in consumption whereby, for example, the average American has the same carbon footprint as 250 Ethiopians. The French report concluded bluntly that “the rich must stop consuming so much”, the Guardian reported recently.

Wretten by Jasmina Nikoloska

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